Things To do in Varkala


Explore the historic Varkala Tunnel, a remarkable architectural feat built in 1867 by Sir T. Madhava Rao, the Dewan of Travancore. This 900-foot-long tunnel served as a crucial inland waterway, allowing traders to pause on their journey to Thiruvananthapuram. Its construction took 14 years and stands as a testament to the Colonial era architecture in the region.

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FAQs on Varkala Tunnel

What is the history behind Varkala Tunnel?
Varkala Tunnel, a renowned architectural marvel, was constructed in 1867 by Sir T. Madhava Rao, the Dewan of Travancore. This 900-foot-long tunnel played a crucial role in inland waterway transportation, serving as a stop for traders journeying to Thiruvananthapuram. The construction of the tunnel took 14 years, showcasing the Colonial era architecture of the region.
Where is Varkala Tunnel located?
Varkala Tunnel is situated in Varkala, in the Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala. It forms a part of the Parvati Puthanaar Canal and holds significant historical importance in the water transport history of Kerala.
What are the key features of Varkala Tunnel?
Varkala Tunnel, built in the mid-1860s, is constructed under a massive rock and consists of two passages - the Sivagiri passage which is 722 meters long, and the Chilakkoor passage which is 350 meters long. Originally a part of the Travancore State Canal, it now forms a vital component of the Kovalam-Kollam-Kottappuram-Kasaragod inland waterway project.
What is the current state of Varkala Tunnel?
The Varkala Tunnel, although historically significant, has faced neglect over the years. However, efforts are underway to renovate and restore the tunnel to its former glory. Government initiatives are in progress to revive this cultural monument and enhance its appeal to visitors.
How important is Varkala Tunnel in the history of Kerala?
Varkala Tunnel holds immense significance in Kerala's history, being constructed in the 18th century and spanning over 300 kilometers from Thiruvananthapuram to Kottapuram. Despite facing challenges and neglect, the tunnel remains a testament to the engineering prowess of that era and the importance of waterway transportation in the region.